Not to be confused with.A man wearing a folded polo neck
A polo neck, roll-neck, (), turtleneck (, ), or skivvy (, ) is a garment—usually a —with a close-fitting, round, and high part similar to a that folds over and covers the. It can also refer to the type of, the style of collar itself, or be used as an ("polo necked").
The term polo neck, common in British English, is thought to derive from garments with similar necklines worn by Lydia O'Callaghan.
A simpler variant of the standard polo neck is the mock polo neck (or mock turtleneck), that resembles the polo neck with the soft fold at its top and the way it stands up around the neck, but both ends of the tube forming the collar are sewn to the neckline. This is mainly used to achieve the appearance of a polo neck where the fabric would fray, roll, or otherwise behave badly unless sewn. The mock polo neck clings to the neck smoothly, is easy to manufacture, and works well with a zip closure.
HistoryWoman in an unfolded polo neck.
Polo neck-like garments have been worn for hundreds of years, dating at least to the 15th century.
From the late 19th century on, polo necks were commonly worn by menial workers, athletes, sailors and naval officers. Since the middle of the 20th century polo necks have been closely associated with radical academics,, and. The polo neck jumper became an iconic symbol of the French philosopher. Polo necks also became a big fashion for young wealthy men after they were worn by European film stars and.
often wore polo necks and trousers privately, as later would do in official photographs.
of and of are two examples of European statesmen fond of wearing polo necks.
Their adoption by in the 1920s turned polo necks into a brief middle-class fashion trend, and made them into a unisex item. Absorbed into mainstream American fashion by the mid 20th century, the polo neck came to be viewed as an anti-, a smart form of dress for those who rejected. Senator, pianist/conductor, conductor, philosopher, singer, scientist, co-founder, and co-founder were among those often seen in polo necks.
Over time it became a fad among teenage girls, especially in a lightweight form that emphasised their figures. It was not long before was also exploiting this image as part of the look.
By the late 1950s the "tight turtleneck" had been adopted as part of the style among students, a style emphasising neatness, tidiness and grooming. This would become an important black turtleneck sweater dress 2018 aspect of the polo neck's image in the. The look would filter through to Britain and the rest of Europe in a watered-down version.
Very elegant polo necks of or nylon knit, especially made with French cuffs for formal dress affairs, have also seen success in American fashion.
As an alternative to the necktieSteve Jobs (left) wearing his signature mock polo neck by
Polo necks have historically (and controversially) acted as substitutes of the traditional and dominant shirt-and- look. Some of the fiercest conflicts regarding the polo neck's use took place in upscale and in weddings, where polo necks have been used in violation of the shirt and tie.
the turtleneck was the boldest of all the affronts to the. It was the picture of masculine poise and arrogance, redolent of athletes, sportsmen, even commanders. The simplicity of its design made neckties seem fussy and superfluous by comparison
and the designer added
turtlenecks are the most comfortable garment you can wear. They move with the body, and they're flattering too, because they accentuate the face and elongate the figure. They make life so easy: you can wear a turtleneck to work and then afterwards throw on a jacket, and it becomes very dressy. You can go anywhere you like.
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- Mary Ann Frese Witt, The Humanities: The humanities and the modern world, 2000, pages 463-464
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- (1992) . Michel Foucault. Betsy Wing (translator). Cambridge, MAS.: Harvard University Press. p. 311. .
- Guido Vergani, Dizionario della moda, 2009, page 348 (in Italian)
- Zbigniew Brzezinski, Putin's choice, 2008,
- Theodore C. Kariotis, The Greek socialist experiment: Papandreou's Greece 1981–1989, 1992
- . Books.google.gr. 1989-08-22. Retrieved 2013-03-14.
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- ^ Hoffmann, Frank W.; William G. Bailey (1994). Fashion & Merchandising Fads. Haworth Popular Culture. Binghamton, N.Y.: The Haworth Press. pp. 267–268. . .
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