Espadrilles or espardenyes are casual, flat, but sometimes. They usually have a or upper and a flexible made of. The esparto rope sole is the defining characteristic of an espadrille; the vary widely in style.
The existence of this kind of shoe in is documented since at least 1322, when it was described for the first time with espadrilles & flat footwear for women its current name.Typical clothing with espadrilles in the
The term espadrille is French and derives from the word in the, which comes from espardenya in or alpargata and esparteña in Spanish. Both espardenya and esparteña refer to a type of shoes made with, a tough, wiry Mediterranean used in making. Its name in the Basque region is espartina.
HistoryTraditional espadrille in this painting by de Francesc Galofré. A model,1894
Espadrilles have been made in region (France) and all over, where they were the usual peasant footwear since the 14th century at least, and are still being produced as from old. The oldest, most primitive form of espadrilles dates as far back as 4000 years ago. Traditional espadrilles have a upper with the toe and vamp cut in one piece and seamed to the rope sole at the sides. Often they have laces at the throat that are wrapped around the ankle to hold the shoes securely in place. Traditional espadrilles are worn by both espadrilles men and women.
Once, then urban workers footwear, espadrilles nowadays have grown in popularity, especially in the French Atlantic coast of the Basque Country and Spanish Mediterranean coast from Granada to Girona, where many men and women wear them during the spring and summer months. Designer espadrilles are now widely available. They are usually manufactured in France, Spain and South Asia. Modern espadrilles are predominantly for women, though some men's shoes are made in this style.
The soles of espadrilles may be flat, platform, or wedge shaped made of. Uppers may be made from nearly any substance and may have open or closed toes, open or closed backs, and can be slip-on or tied to the ankle with laces. Thousands of varieties of espadrilles can be found, from inexpensive bargain brands to high priced designer brands.
Espadrilles became fashionable in the USA in the 1940s. 's character in the 1948 movie wore ankle-laced espadrilles.
Wedge shaped espadrilles were first popularized by French fashion designer. At a trade fair in Paris in 1970, he came into contact with the Spanish espadrille manufacturer. Yves Saint Laurent had been looking in vain for months for someone to make him a wedge espadrille. Castañer managed to interpret Yves Saint Laurent's vision and the wedge espadrilles were an instant hit, influencing fashion even today.
The espadrille style was revived in the USA in the 1980s, due to the success of Miami Vice—the shoe was worn by the character Sonny Crockett (played by ). In 2013 at luxury shoe stores in New York City, a pair of espadrilles could cost nearly 0.
Jute sole espadrilles
Due to cost and material availability, the soles of espadrilles are now commonly made with jute rope or braid. The natural bright white color of jute is a major design feature of modern espadrilles.
is the producer of high quality jute and has become a manufacturing center for premium quality jute soles and complete espadrilles. Ninety percent of the world's total production of complete espadrilles, as well as jute soles, is now manufactured in Bangladesh, although some manufacturers in,, and import jute soles from Bangladesh to finish espadrilles in those countries. Complete espadrilles are also assembled in (known as alpargatas),,,, and with imported jute from Bangladesh.
Jute soles typically include fully or partially vulcanized rubber beneath the jute soles for long-lasting espadrille shoes. Sometimes crepe soles are used as out-soles although those are not as durable compared to vulcanized ones. Jute braid soles might include heels made of wood or.
ManufactureAssembling of a jute sole
The manufacture of espadrilles is generally more complex than that of sandals. The jute soles are the most critical part. The jute twines are first machine-braided. These braids are then manually formed into the shape of the sole and pressed with heat to form the final shape and completed with vertical stitching with Espadrille Needles. These basic soles are then underneath. EVA foam or wooden are glued in place and more jute braids are wrapped around it to complete the soles. Uppers of different styles are then built on the jute soles to complete the espadrille.
- , similar footwear in Balto-Slavic cultures of identical etymological derivation (from fibre used in their manufacture)
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