Leggings as pants 2018

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A woman wearing black leggings.

Leggings refer to several types of leg coverings. Modern usage from the 1960s has come to refer to elastic close-fitting garments worn over the legs typically by women, such as or. Usage from the 18th century refers to men's wear, usually made of cloth or leather that is wrapped around the leg down to the ankle. In the 19th century leggings usually referred to infants' leg clothing that were matched with a jacket, as well as leg-wrappings made of leather or wool and worn by soldiers and.Leggings prominently returned to women's fashion in the 1960s, drawing from the form-fitting clothing of dancers. With the widespread adoption of the synthetic fibre and the rise in popularity of, leggings came to further leggings as pants 2018 prominence in the 1970s and '80s, and eventually made their way into.Leggings are a part of the late 2010s fashion trend of wearing activewear outside sporting activities and in casual settings, which became a contentious social norm in the.



Leggings of the Native Americans (Karl May Museum, )

Leggings in various forms and under various names have been worn for warmth and protection by both men and women throughout the centuries. The separate worn by men in Europe from the 13th to 16th centuries (the period) were a form of leggings, as are the of the. Separate leggings of buckskin leather were worn by some. These were adopted by some, French fur trappers, and later by. They are the leatherstockings of 's. The Buckskins were mostly a dull grey, not the bright, glossy leather commonly used today.

Cowboys wore leggings of buckskin to protect from chapping caused by riding, wear and tear to their pants, and bites from animals, such as snakes or insects in the, such as ticks.

In many places, especially in colder countries such as or, men and women continued to wear wool leggings into modern times, often as an additional outer layer for warmth.

The linen worn by girls and women under in the mid-19th century were also a form of leggings, and were originally two separate garments. Leggings became a part of fashion in the 1960s, as trousers similar to but tighter.

Military use[]

A soldier wearing puttees.

Since the late 19th century, soldiers of various nations, especially, often wore leggings to protect their lower leg, to keep dirt, sand, and mud from entering their shoes, and to provide a measure of ankle support. At first, these were usually —strips of thick woolen cloth resembling a large bandage—were wrapped around the leg to support the ankle. They were usually held in place by a strap attached to the cloth. Later, puttees were replaced by some armies with canvas leggings fastened with buckles or buttons, usually secured at the bottom with an adjustable stirrup that passed under the sole of the shoe, just in front of the heel. The soldier placed the leggings around his calf with the buttoned side facing out and adjusted them and the strap to achieve a proper fit. Leggings typically extended to mid-calf and had a garter strap to hold them up and were secured with a tie just below the knee. Military leggings extended to the bottom of the knee and buttoned to the bottom button on the knee-breeches. They are sometimes confused with, which extend to the high ankle and are worn with full leg trousers.

During, foot soldiers were referred to as legs by and other U.S. forces that did not wear the standard Army leggings issued with the field service shoe. Late in World War II, after experimenting with general issue of high-top and for their soldiers, leggings began to disappear from military service. In 1943, the United States Army modified their field service shoe by adding a taller leather upper that reached to the lower calf; secured by a combination of laces and buckles, the new design was designated the Type III Field Boot. However, the retained canvas leggings throughout the war, and even used them in combat as late as the ; they were referred to as Yellow Leg troops by and Communist forces.

By the 1960s, the old style of field shoe had given way to combat boots in most military forces, and leggings of any kind were obsolete. Leggings, usually bright white and often made of or are now worn primarily for ceremonial purposes.

Modern fashion[]

A woman wearing white leggings with a floral design

Leggings in the form of skin-tight trousers, a tighter version of the ending at mid-calf or near ankle length, made its way into fashion in the 1960s and were worn with a large belt or and slip-on high heels or -styled shoes.[]

Leggings made from a nylon-lycra blend (usually 90% nylon, 10% lycra) have traditionally been worn during exercise. Nylon lycra leggings are often referred to as bicycle or running tights, and are shinier in appearance than those made from cotton. Some have racing stripes or reflective patterns to further distinguish them as athletic wear and provide extra safety. However, beginning in the 1980s exercise-style leggings have also been worn for fashion and as street wear.[]

Leggings made from cotton-lycra, or a cotton-polyester-lycra combination, are more typically worn for fashion, but are also worn as exercise wear. Cotton-lycra leggings are available in many colors, prints and designs; but black, navy and various shades of gray remain the most commonly worn. Opaque leggings are also common among women, and are sometimes worn without skirts.[]

Wearing black leggings under long, often diaphanous, skirts was part of a general fashion trend of wearing gym or dance clothes as that evolved along with the fitness craze and under the influence of the movie and the long-running show. A more recent trend has been the wearing of black leggings with.[]

By the early-1990s, leggings were actually outselling in many parts of the United States.[] It was very common to see leggings worn with long oversized t-shirts, oversized sweatshirts or oversized sweaters, and by girls from toddler age through tween, teen, college age and older. Moms even wore this leggings outfit right along with their daughters. Fashion turned against leggings in the late 1990s.[]

In 2005, leggings made a "comeback" into, particularly in indie culture, with capri-length leggings being worn with mini skirts and dresses. Consequently, leggings are also now popular to wear with oversized, long sweaters, denim mini skirts, plaid skirts, short dresses and short shorts. Leggings are also worn under athletic shorts i.e. especially in colder weather. Leggings also come in capri length and bike short length. The bike short length is popular under sports uniform shorts and under skirts and dresses as a fashionable item and to keep from showing too much. This trend towards tight pants can alternately be seen in the resurgence of.[]

For men[]

Men have also begun to wear leggings more frequently in recent years as long underwear, and for more casual physical activities such as walking, hiking, or gardening, replacing the old standby, sweatpants.[]Leggings are also worn as a fashion trend by men on the London electro-music scene.[]

Tuxedo shirt with waistcoat and leggings

At the Marni Men's show during the Fall 2007 Fashion Week, outfits with leggings designed solely for men were introduced.

Men's leggings, dubbed "meggings" (a of the words "men" and "leggings") were presented as the latest fashion trend for men at spring/summer 2011 fashion runways, supposed to be styled and layered beneath shorts and preferably with large, baggy, loose or long tops such as.

have been wearing male leggings under shorts as a fashion item since the 2010s.

Shiny leggings[]

A model wearing shiny leather-look leggings on a.

Shiny leggings, sometimes called -look leggings, have a shiny, metallic (), or appearance. They emerged as a popular fashion trend in the late-2000s (decade), particularly in 2008 as reported by Stylesignal and other trend forecasters. These leggings are most often a blend of nylon and and come in a variety of colors, although most commonly in black, silver, or gold. These types of leggings are notable for their leather, or even latex appearance and are most often worn as evening or.

Shiny leggings were featured on fashion runways by many leading designers and were further popularized by celebrities such as, and. Popular makers of shiny leggings include and.


Main article:

Jeggings are leggings that are made to look like skin-tight. "Jeggings" is a registered brand name owned by. Jeggings were brought on by the resurgence in style of in the late 2000s, when a higher demand for an even tighter style of pants came about. In 2011 "Jeggings" was entered into the twelfth edition of.

In sports[]

Leggings are sometimes worn during sports and other vigorous activities. Runners, dancers, and exercisers may wear them — particularly in cold weather under a sports uniform, e.g. in soccer, with shin guards and soccer socks over the leggings, or under a cheerleading uniform. Leggings have even been worn by a full back.[]

Use as outerwear[]

There has been societal debate about whether leggings are clothing on their own, which can be worn without covering, or are an accessory only to be worn with other items covering them, such as skirts, dresses or shorts. In a 2016 poll of its readers magazine stated that 61% of its readers thought that leggings should only be worn as an accessory,[] whereas an article that same year from concluded that "...Leggings do, in fact, count as pants - provided they are opaque enough that they don't show your underwear."

There have been a number of instances of people wearing leggings as pants who have been restricted or criticized for their actions. In 2013, schools in banned students from wearing them as outerwear, as did a Massachusetts school in 2015. Schools in Oklahoma, Illinois, and North Carolina have enforced or suggested similar dress codes. A state legislator in Montana introduced a bill in 2015 whose intent was to ban leggings and yoga pants.

In March 2017, three children flying on a company pass were barred from boarding a flight by a gate agent who decided that their leggings were inappropriate. United Airlines defended its position, while rival airline Delta stated via that leggings were welcome on its flights; United said in a statement that it does not bar regular female passengers from boarding if they are wearing leggings. Although some public figures, including actress and model and actress, were critical of United's decision, a survey encompassing 1,800 travelers carried out by Airfarewatchdog found that 80% of their respondents backed the airline's decision, although "inappropriate clothing" was not defined in the poll.

Restrictions on wearing leggings is sometimes linked to or, with critics noting that "...not being able to wear leggings because it's 'too distracting for boys' is giving us the impression we should be guilty for what guys do."


  • A woman wearing fully exposed leggings

  • A runner in leggings

  • A man in leggings

  • A beach volleyball player in leggings

See also[]


  1. Valerie Cumming (2010), "Leggings", The Dictionary of Fashion History,,   
  2. Mary Brooks Picken (2013), "Leggings", A Dictionary of Costume and Fashion: Historic and Modern,,   
  3. Kaori O'Connor (2011), "Lycra, Aerobics, and the Rise of the Legging", Lycra: How A Fiber Shaped America,, pp. 121—146, 127 
  4. , Words We're Watching, Merriam-Webster, 2015, retrieved April 12, 2017 
  5. Anne VanderMey (March 27, 2017),,, retrieved April 12, 2017 
  6. Keene, R. R. (June 1991). (PDF). : 28. Archived from () on 2010-07-14. 
  7. Fashion Wire Daily (January 22, 2007)... Retrieved 13 October 2010. 
  8. Staff (January 3, 2013).. Electro WOW ► Electronic Music News. Retrieved 19 October 2014. 
  9. Staff (July 31, 2015)... Retrieved 2015-04-16. 
  10. ... 6 March 2010. Retrieved 28 October 2012. 
  11. ,, September 5, 2016, retrieved April 12, 2017 
  12. . StyleTips101.com. June 2010. Retrieved 28 October 2012. 
  13. Lawless, Jill (19 August 2011).... Retrieved April 12, 2017. 
  14. Staff (December 1, 2013).. The Score. Archived from on 3 December 2013. Retrieved 1 December 2013. 
  15. Clinton, Leah Melby (March 22, 2016)
  16. Escobar, Sam (October 13, 2016)
  17. Callahan, Mary (April 11, 2013)
  18. Khoo, Isabelle (September 1, 2015)
  19. ^ Culp-Ressler, Tara (February 11, 2015) ThinkProgress
  20. (May 25, 2016)
  21. Stack, Liam (March 26, 2017)
  22. Zorthian, Julia (March 27, 2017)
  23. Paul, Kari (April 8, 2017)
  24. Dockterman, Eliana (March 25, 2014)

External links[]

  • Media related to at Wikimedia Commons

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